Small though: what are the consequences of regarding crime as a disease?


  • Criminals are labelled, making it easier for treatment to be given
  • It provides criminals with an explanation for their behaviour
  • This may promote more funding to be directed towards treatments for offenders which, with success, could lead to lower offending rates in the long term
  • Self-fulfilling prophecy: false beliefs are put into the minds of the criminals, leading to psychological distress and a rise in criminal activity
  • It implies determinism but the criminal justice system is based on the idea of free will: a losing situation